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Next:Joannis Spinsemaille and his youngest brother Daniel (1666-1737)

Sons of Daniel: Daniel Spinsemaille (1708-1788) and his youngest brother Jacobus  (1713-1786)

Zwevegem:  Gerardus Pincemalge ( - 1632)

and his youngest son Michael Pincemalge (1620-1695)


1609-1621: the 12 years of peace under the Archducs Albrecht and Isabella

Gerardus Pincemalge was a farmer and a verger (koster-Nl->Bedeau-) in Zwevegem. He probably came from another village in the neighbourhood  and get his function in the period of the inauguration on August the 28th 1606 of the new Lord of Zwevegem Floris de Griboval.

We find him for the first time as a witness  in the parish registers of Zwevegem on the 5th october in the year 1606. As far as we know he was unmarried at that moment.

 

5 octobris

5. matrimonium solemnisavi coram Ioannem Vincke et Gerardo

Pincemaelge   in facie ecclesia inter Ioannem Wylaeijs

et Ludowycam Landtwuyts

5th October

5. I celebrate solemnly the matrimony in the presence of Joannes Vincke and Gerardus

Pincemaelge in full view of the church between Johannes Wylaeijs  

and Ludovica Landtwuyts.

 

At that time the Southern Netherlands were under Spain and were ruled by the Archducs Albrecht of Autrich and Isabella of Spain. But Holland occupied Sluis (Zeeuws-Vlaanderen) and Ostend. By this way the protestants escaped to Holland blocked all oversea activities and Holland holded the Scheldt-Lisse linie under pressure. But in 1609 we have a truce (N: bestand, F:armistice) between the Spanisch Netherlands and Holland and directly the economical activity started again.The Archducs stimulated also the catholic reformation and it was the start of the Baroque churches in our region.  But oversea activity stayed allways impossible.This prosperous period of 12 years ended in 1621 with the death of the Archduc Albrecht.The Archduc Isabella will die in 1633.  This time was on the otherhand the socalled Golden Century of Holland.
It's remarquable that Gerardus Pincemaelge married and had his children during that period (1609-1621). His youngest child Michael was born in 1620. Gerardus the "old verger" died in 1632 (one year before the death of the Archduc Isabelle)  leaving behind his 5 minor aged children (less than 25 years old).

After 1620 the economical situation was not too bad  

but pestepidemies went from one village to another

Between 1618 and 1648 we have the thirty years war who devastated Germany. France occupied after 1640 also Artois and Cambrai and annexed this regions in 1659. THis 30 Years War ended with the peace of Munster and installed the supremacy of France for more than 200 years in Europe.
Harvest ware sometimes good and weather was warm like in 1636/1637. But also pestepidemies came periodically up like in 1636 in the neighbouring village Bellegem and also in 1646/47in Zwevegem where ca 33% of the population died. We suppose that Michael stayed at that time with his mother at the parental farm and that she died in this epidemy.
But after the epidemy of 1646/1647 live came up again like allways after this kind of disasters and the survivors took the open places. Michael married a first time with Joanna Terryn in 1647 and had his first child Maria june 1648. Joanna died 21 March 1653 in Zwevegem, Wvl, B. He remarried Anna Bevernaege  14 Nov 1653. At that time we see a shift in the family name in the parish registers going from Pincemaelge to Spinsemaille. Pincemaille was the variant allways used in the nearby Tournai and also Zwevegem belonged administratively to the diocese of Tournai. " S" pinsemaille means in dutch "of" Pinsemaille.

We know that Michael Pincemalge died before 1686 from a map of 1686. On this  figurative map of 1686 we found grounds belonging to  the  widow of Michiel Spinsemaillie  (Michael Pincemalge) and  his son Michiel Spinsemaillie. That we find this goods near the church of Zwevegem is not really a surprise because Gerardus the father of Michiel Spinsemaillie sr (Michael Pincemalge)  was as we have seen  a verger (koster-Nl->Bedeau-) in Zwevegem.

Click to see  this map of 1686

remarks: this map is designed upside down, meaning North is down.

Figurative map of a part of Sweveghem 20 Jul 1686.

Nothing more is known about this son Michiel Pinsemaille , but we will follow the history of  2 other sons of Michael  Pincemalge: Joannis Spinsemaille (1663-1726) and the youngest son Daniel Spinsemaille (1666-1737). You will see that they lived in their youth under the French occupation (1673-1678).

The French king Louis XIV (1643-1715) became king under guardianship in 1648 but exercised his plain power from 1661 on. Our regions will then stay under continual pressure of France till 1713.