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Back: Gerardus Pincemalge ( - 1632) and his youngest son Michael Pincemalge (1620-1695)

Next: Petrus Andreas  Spinsemaille (1749-1833) our common ancestor

 

Zwevegem:  Joannis Spinsemaille and his youngest brother Daniel (1666-1737)

Sons of Daniel: Daniel Spinsemaille (1708-1788) and his youngest brother Jacobus  (1713-1786)


In the Fireline of the French Expansion 1668-1696

As said Joannis Spinsemaille and Daniel Spinsemaille will live in their youth from 1673 till 1678 under French occupation, but a real disaster was the occupation under  the 9 years war (1687-1696). And there was not only the war situation but also the climate was very cold in this days. We were then in the middle of the socalled small Ice Age. Then the priod 1692-1695 was a time of pestepidemies. Joannis Pincemaille, brother of Daniel,  married in 1691 with Maria Maes leaved Zwevegem  therefore in 1693 with the family of his wife. He will come back 13 years later in 1706 in a nearby village Bavikhove. His father Michael died before 1686 and his mother  Anna Bevernage in the epidemy of 1695. War taxes in 1695 and 1696 and stationing of garnisons made the disaster complete. Danielle was  notified as an "insolvent" in the tax list of 1695. It was as far the end of the family. In this period of war people were vagabounding around. So was probably Martina Glorieux who loosed contact with her family, but falled in love with Daniel Spinsemaille. The dean (F: doyen, N: deken) autorised the minor aged Martina to marry and the godfather and godmother of Daniel were the witnesses of this marriage. 9 moths later came their first child.

9 Years War

 

1687-1696

  1. After 1640 France started an expansion under Louis XIV. French troops occupied Artois and Cambrais.

  2. In a second move (1668-1678) they occupied Lille and appeared also in Zwevegem when they occupied between 1673 and 1678 the region Courtrai -Oudenaarde-Tournai. Even in 1772 the French armee in an alliance withe the catholic king of England, attacked Holland following the river the "Meuse". They ware stopped at Utrecht, because Holland put a lot of land under water. With the Peace treaty in 1678 France maintained Lillle but has to leave the region Courtrai - Oudenaarde- Tournai.  As a result of this events Holland and Autrich were obliged to work together and constructed barrier cities at the ├«ontline just below Zwevegem with Holland soldiers paid by Autrich under condition that neither Ostend or Antwerp should build up maritime activities especially on the Indies. This soldiers will stay there till 1782. These events will mark also the southern borders of what is nowadays Belgium.

  3.  

  4. 9 years war (1687-1696). In a third attempt France started a new war (1687-1696) the socalled nine years war. This time Holland could in 1688 land with their fleet in England and the English catholic King escaped to France, because protestant troops defected to the enemy. The Holland king and his English wife became together kings of England and Scotland. France had then to withdrawn his troops from Holand. But the war continued in Belgium. This war will about finish the family and brought the family to extreme poverness. It was the coldest period of the small Ice Age. In this war France occupied also Zwevegem and pestepidemies from 1693-1695 increased the catastrophy. Garnisons were stationed in the castel of Zwevegem, paid by the parish like in 1695. And at the top of it France made special taxes in 1695 and 1696 to pay his wars. It was a desaster for this region and refugees vagabonded over the country. In 1695 we see in the parish registers baptisms of children originally from St-Denijs.

At  the Sideline of the Spanish Succession War  1700-1713

Daniel and Martine Glorieux had 12 children. Jacobus the youngest was born in 1713 at the end of the Spanish succession war. We see at that moment that also other Glorieux came to Zwevegem, probably relatives of Martine. Jacobus the youngest stayed at home with his one year younger sister and his oldest sister till the death of his parents. Then Jacobus married with Joanna Toye in 1744. Nevertheless this period was relative calm compared with the past.

Spanish Succession War

 

1700-1713

When the Spanish King (┬░1661 Hapsburger)  died young in 1700 there was not a male successor. His 2 sisters ware married, one Maria Theresia with Louis XIV, King of France and the other one Margaretha Theresia with Leopold I Emperor of Autrich in an attempt to be in balance with the 2 powers of Europe but the Spanish King was not able to do a real choice during his live. While France feared that an Autrich hapsburger will become legally also king of Spain and that will lead to a same situation as under Charlesquint war was inevitable. Autrich obtained the help of England  and the main battles took place in Bayern, Southern Germany and with the English Duc of Marlborough and victory for Austria. In the Netherlands we had troop movements and minor battles. The barrier cities protected against France. Nevertheless war continued on a smaller scale and exhausted the 2 parties. At the end an agreement was made. Philips V grandchild of Louis XIV became king of Spain under condition he never could become king of France. That was the start of the spanish "Bourbon" dynasty. On the other hand the Southern Netherlands came under Autrich. Also Lorraine came again under Autrich.

After 1713 follows a long time of reconstruction

underbroken by the Autrich succession war 1740-1748

Most of the children of Daniel Spinsemaille and Martine Glorieux married during the prosperous time 1725-1740. Jacobus stayed as it was usage on the parental farm with his oldest and youngest sister to take care of his parents in their old days. His father Daniel died in 1737. His mother Martine Glorieux in 1744

During the years after 1713 the region was build up. The nation states learned from the past war they will need more resources in such situation. After the war they have to take measures under a financial and economical crisis which ended around 1725. Privileges who blocked economical evolution were diminished.That lead also to a revolt in 1720 of the mediaval artisans with the decapitation of Anneessens in Brussels.  After 1725 the economy florished from the token measures. This relative peacefull evolution was underbroken by the Autrich Succession war

Martine Glorieux  died in January  1744 during the Autrich Succession war. But the war was limited in the southern Netherlands to troop movements and live continued normally. Jacobus married after her death in April 1744 and together with his brother Daniel who married for the third time ca 1742 with Maria Anna Van Overtveld, they will continue the family line. When Jacobus had his first child in 1745 his 2 other sisters married also in the same year

Charles  VI (Emperor : 1711 - 1740) had successed  his brother Jozef I (Emperor: 1704 - 1711) as Emperor of Autrich. His daughter Maria Theresia of Hapsburg married Francis II Duke of Lorraine. On the other hand during the Polish Succession (1733-1735) War Stanislaw Lesczinski was the unsuccessful French candidate for the Polish Throne.The daughter of Stanislas was married with the French King. The Emperor Charles VI in order to secure Maria Theresa's inheritance had to negotiate with the other European powers the "Pragmatic Sanction" to set aside the Salic Law against female succession. So following the War of the Polish Succession Francis agreed to cede Lorraine in 1737  (to Autrich in 1714) as part of the negotiations of "the Pragmatic Sanction" to Stanislaw Lesczinski. Since Lesczinski's daughter was the Queen of France, his death in 1766 will mean the acquisition of Lorraine by King Louis XV. When Charles VI died in 1740 he had designated his daughter Maria Theresia as his successor. But with the aid of France the daughters of his brother Jozef did n't accept this choice. As a result we have the Autrich succession  war (1740-1748) with  France. France occupied during this war in 1747  the Southern Nehterlands only for a short time  fearing the reaction of England and fearing to loose Lorrain. And so Maria Theresia became Emperor.

Daniel but certainly Jacobus could expand the family land properties and we have a good idea of the situation in the landbook of Zwevegem in 1790. They died some years before 1790 but their  wifes were still living and the properties undivided. We find there also two sons of Jacobus:  

  • Jacques son of Jacobus (Jacques) owned a house in the "Bellegemstraat" and

  • Petrus Andreas lived probaly in a house in the "Stedestraat" but was not the owner at that time.. 

They worked on the land of their dead father. It seems that from the then children of Jacobus only three of them: two boys and one girl became adult. The reason is unknown.  Petrus Andreas the second adult son is the ancestors of all living Spincemaille today.

Landbook of Zwevegem 1790
Land of Jacobus and Daniel Spinsemaille
 

 

 

Church+

  c

a

    

   4. Stedestraat       

 

 

 

1. Bellegemstr

*Jacques

   

2.Ommegangstraat

n

a

l

  3. (Oude) Lettenhofstr

 

Double click on the images to see the pictures in detail

The canal Scheldt-Lisse you see on the overview was digged in 1858/1859.

See also a table with the surfaces and owners of the different pieces of land